Acid reflux is very common in children and infants these days. Every mother is much tensed regarding the bad habit of their children who have continuous habit of spitting and throwing up of food articles. What exactly is this Acid Reflux? Acid Reflux is a situation where the lower esophagus sphincter of the stomach fails to function properly.
The main function of lower esophagus sphincter is to act like a valve between the esophagus and the stomach. And it just shuts itself as soon as any food particles get inside the stomach. And this gives no chance for the food to re enter the esophagus. When the lower esophageal sphincter is not able to prevent the backflow of acidic stomach content into esophagus, then acid reflux is said to be caused. This acidic content causes severe irritation in the esophagus and this is very much termed as Acid Reflux.
Let us see some of the causes which lead the children to suffer from this effect. One of the main reasons for children to get attacked with this situation is due to improper growth of their digestion system. As the children are in their growing phase, so their digestive system is not fully developed. Hence, it becomes very favorable thing for acidity to be caused.
It is advised from the doctor that the feeding should be reduced when an infant had acid reflux. One can also get a change in the schedule of feeding but these things must be done after consultation with a doctor.
The incidence of acid reflux also occurs due to extra pressure on the abdomen. Hence, parents are advised that they should hold the infants in an upright position so that the food gets digested in the stomach. This is the reason why an infant is advised to sleep with his back laid because if they sleep other way they tend to develop acidity as the food does not get digested.
How can this acid reflux be controlled? This can be cured with the help of burping. Hence, all the mothers are advised to give burping to the infants as soon as they get their feeding. Burping should be done twice or thrice while feeding the baby. Another way to cure acid reflux in infants is by elevating their crib portion so that they get help in digesting the food. This type of elevation of head prevents the acid to reach the esophagus area.
There are so many medications available which also proves to be helpful to curing this acid reflux in children. There are few H2 blockers like cimetidine, Ranitidine, famotidine, nizatidine. These drugs work by preventing the back flow of acid into the esophagus. There are certain proton pump inhibitors too which can be used like esomeprazole (also known as Nexium), omepranzole, lansoprazole, rabepranzole and pantoprazole. These help in decreasing the level of acid produced inside the body.
Hence, the very short method of reducing the acidity in infants is by changing the dietary pattern and also in sleeping modes. A serious condition can be avoided with effective medicines like esomeprazole or Nexium.